NEET 2022 Exam – Dates, Application Form (Started), Eligibility, Syllabus, Pattern, Result, Scorecard, Cutoff

नीट 2022 के बारे में

राष्ट्रीय परीक्षण एजेंसी (NTA) 13 भाषाओं में National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) परीक्षा आयोजित करती है। भारत में 542 मेडिकल, 313 डेंटल, 914 आयुष और 47 बीवीएससी और एएच कॉलेजों में प्रवेश के लिए हर साल एकल राष्ट्रीय स्तर की स्नातक मेडिकल प्रवेश परीक्षा, एनईईटी 2022 आयोजित की जाती है।

NEET 2022 Eligibility Criteria

योग्यता, आयु सीमा, प्रयासों की संख्या आदि जानने के लिए मेडिकल उम्मीदवार यहां NEET पात्रता मानदंड की जांच कर सकते हैं। आवेदन करने से पहले नीचे दिए गए NEET 2022 के लिए पात्रता मानदंड देखें।

नीट परीक्षा के लिए आयु सीमा क्या है? खैर, NEET 2022 के लिए कोई ऊपरी आयु सीमा नहीं है।

नीट के लिए कितने प्रयास? सीमाओं की संख्या पर कोई प्रतिबंध नहीं है।

Eligibility Criteria for NEET 2022 – Overview

NationalityIndian Nationals, NRIs, PIOs, OCIs and Foreign Nationals
NEET 2022 Age LimitLower limit:17 years plus as on December 31, 2022
Upper age Limit: None
Qualifying exam details required for NEETClass 12 or equivalent with PCB.
12th percentage required for NEET 2022Gen/ OBC: Minimum 50% in PCB and aggregate
SC/ST: Minimum 40%
PwD: 45%
NEET attempt limitNo limit  as there is no age limit
Class 12 BoardStudents from recognized boards including NIOS and open schools
Biology as an extra subjectAllowed

NEET 2022 – Eligibility Criteria for MBBS/ BDS/ BUMS/ BSMS courses

Course12th percentage required for NEET
MBBS/ BDSMinimum 50% in class 12 (40% for SC/ST and 45% for PwD).
BUMSIn addition to the above, pass in Urdu or Arabic or Persian language in class 10.
BSMSPass in Tamil subject in class 10 or equivalent in addition to class 12 criteria given above.

नीट क्वालिफाइंग मार्क्स नीचे दिए गए हैं:

CategoryNEET cutoffNEET cut-off marks (2021)
General50th percentile720-138
SC/ST/OBC40th percentile137-108
General-PwD45th percentile137-122
SC/ST/OBC-PwD40th percentile121-108

NEET 2022 Highlights

Full Exam NameNational Eligibility cum Entrance Test
Short Exam NameNEET
Conducting BodyNational Testing Agency
Frequency of ConductOnce a year
Exam LevelNational Level Exam
LanguagesAssamese, Bengali +9 More
Mode of ApplicationOnline
Application Fee (General)1500 Rs [Online]
Mode of ExamOffline
Mode of CounsellingOnline / Offline
Participating Colleges1257
Exam Duration3 Hours
Number of Seats158002 Seats

नीट 2022 आवेदन प्रक्रिया

आवेदन का तरीका: ऑनलाइन

भुगतान का प्रकार : नेट बैंकिंग | क्रेडिट कार्ड | डेबिट कार्ड | अन्य

नीट 2022 के लिए आवेदन पत्र दो चरणों में भरा जाएगा जिसकी व्याख्या नीचे दी गई है।

NEET phase 1 registration 2022 के लिए कदम

  • नीट 2022 रजिस्ट्रेशन के लिए पर जाएं
  • लॉग इन करें और एनईईटी आवेदन पत्र 2022 भरें
  • फोटोग्राफ, हस्ताक्षर और अन्य दस्तावेज अपलोड करें
  • नीट आवेदन शुल्क का भुगतान करें
  • प्रिंट कन्फर्मेशन पेज

NEET 2022 Syllabus

Physics-Class 11-

Physics-Class 11: Unit 01

Physical world and measurement
Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; physics, technology, and society
Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units, length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures
Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications

Physics-Class 11: Unit 02

Frame of reference, motion in a straight line; position-time graph, speed and velocity
Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity
Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment)
Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion
Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors
Relative velocity
Unit Vectors
Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular components
Scalar and vector products of vectors
Motion in a plane
Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion
Uniform circular motion

Physics-Class 11: Unit 03

Laws of motion
Intuitive concept of force
Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications
Equilibrium of concurrent forces
Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication
Dynamics of uniform circular motion
Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road)

Physics-Class 11: Unit 04

Work, energy, and power
Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power
Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle
Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions

Physics-Class 11: Unit 05

Motion of system of particles and rigid body
Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion
Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod
Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples
Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; moment of inertia, radius of gyration
Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation)
Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications

Physics-Class 11: Unit 06

Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
The universal law of gravitation
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential
Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite
Geostationary satellites

Physics-Class 11: Unit 07

Properties of bulk matter
Elastic behaviour, stress-strain relationship
Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio; elastic energy
Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow
Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise
Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases
Anomalous expansion
Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv-calorimetry; change of state-latent heat
Heat transfer-conduction and thermal conductivity, convection, and radiation
Qualitative ideas of black body radiation, Wien’s displacement law, and green house effect
Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law

Physics-Class 11: Unit 08

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics)
Heat, work, and internal energy
First law of thermodynamics
Isothermal and adiabatic processes
Second law of the thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes
Heat engines and refrigerators

Physics-Class 11: Unit 09

Behaviour of perfect gas and kinetic theory
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas
Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure, kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path

Physics-Class 11: Unit 10

Oscillations and waves
Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time
Periodic functions
Simple harmonic motion (SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM-kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period
Free, forced, and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance
Wave motion
Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion
Displacement relation for a progressive wave
Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics
Doppler effect

Physics-Class 12-

Physics-Class 12: Unit 01

Electric charges and their conservation
Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)
Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field
Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor
Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor
Van De Graaff generator

Physics-Class 12: Unit 02

Current electricity
Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (liner and non-linear), electrical energy and power
Electrical resistivity and conductivity
Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance
Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications
Wheatstone bridge, meter bridge
Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell

Physics-Class 12: Unit 03

Magnetic effects of current and magnetism
Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment
Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids
Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields
Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere
Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter
Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment
Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron
Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis
Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid; magnetic field line; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements
Para-, dia-, and ferro-magnetic substances with examples
Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths
Permanent magnets

Physics-Class 12: Unit 04

Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents
Self and mutual inductance
Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, Wattles current
AC generator and transformer

Physics-Class 12: Unit 05

Electromagnetic waves
Need for displacement current
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only)
Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves
Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses

Physics-Class 12: Unit 06

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula
Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens-maker’s formula
Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror
Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism
Scattering of light-blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset
Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses
Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers
Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts
Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle
Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light
Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum
Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes
Polarization, plane polarized light, Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and polaroids

Physics-Class 12: Unit 07

Dual nature of matter and radiation
Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light
Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation
Davisson-germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted, only conclusion should be explained)

Physics-Class 12: Unit 08

Atoms and nuclei
Alpha-particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones
Radioactivity-alpha, beta, and gamma particles/rays and their properties decay law
Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion

Physics-Class 12: Unit 09

Electronic devices
Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors, semiconductor diode-I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, I-V characteristics of LED, diode, solar cell, and Zener diode
Zener diode as a voltage regulator
Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator
Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR)
Transistor as a switch

Chemistry-Class 11-

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 01

Some basic concepts of chemistry
General introduction: Important and scope of chemistry
Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: Concept of elements, atoms, and molecules
Atomic and molecular masses
Mole concept and molar mass; percentage composition and empirical and molecular formula; chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 02

Structure of atom
Atomic number, isotopes and isobars
Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, De Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbital, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals-Aufbau principle
Pauli exclusion principles and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 03

Classification of elements and periodicity in properties
Modern periodic law and long form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements-atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valence

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 04

Chemical bonding and molecular structure
Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of molecules, VSEPR theory
Concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only)
Hydrogen bond

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 05

States of matter: gases and liquids
Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases
Empirical derivation of gas equation
Avogadro number, ideal gas equation
Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.
Liquid state-vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations)

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 06

First law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation
Enthalpy of: Bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution, and dilution
Introduction of entropy as state function, second law of thermodynamics, Gibbs energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity
Third law of thermodynamics-brief introduction

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 07

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium-Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium-ionization of acids and bases
Strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solutions, Henderson equation, solubility product
Common ion effect (with illustrative examples)

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 08

Redox reactions
Concept of oxidation and oxidation and reduction, redox reactions oxidation number, balancing redox reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 09

Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydridesionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide-preparation, reactions, uses, and structure

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 10

S-block elements (alkali and alkaline earth metals)
Group I and group 2 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship
Group I and group 2 elements: Trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic, and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses
Preparation and properties of some important compounds: Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, and sodium hydrogencarbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium. Industrial use of lime and limestone
Preparation and properties of some important compounds: Biological importance of Mg and Ca

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 11

Some p-block elements
General Introduction to p-block elements
Group 13 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group
Group 13 elements: Boron, some important compounds: Borax, boric acids, boron hydrides, aluminium: Uses, reactions with acids, and alkalies
General 14 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first element
General 14 elements: Carbon, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties, uses of some important compounds: Oxides
Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: Silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 12

Organic chemistry-some basic principles and techniques
General introduction, methods of purification qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds
Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation
Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: Free radials, carbocations, carbanions; electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 13

Alkanes-nomenclature, isomerism, conformations (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis
Alkanes-nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: Addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect)
Alkanes-ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition
Alkynes-nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: Acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of-hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides, and water
Aromatic hydrocarbons-introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; benzene; resonance, aromaticity; chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution-nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation
Aromatic hydrocarbons-directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene; carcinogenicity and toxicity

Chemistry-Class 11: Unit 14

Environmental chemistry
Environmental pollution: Air, water, and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer
Environmental pollution: Greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution

Chemistry-Class 12-

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 01

Solid state
Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices
Calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors, and insulators

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 02

Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties-relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law
Elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties abnormal molecular mass
Van Hoff factor

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 03

Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity variation of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell-electrolytic cells and galvanic cells
Lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells; corrosion

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 04

Chemical kinetics
Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reaction, concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant
Integrated rate equations and half life (only for zero and first order reactions); concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment)
Activation energy, Arrhenius equation

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 05

Surface chemistry
Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: Enzyme catalysis, colloidal state: Distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions
Lyophillic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions-types of emulsions

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 06

General principles and processes of isolation of elements
Principles and methods of extraction-concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolytic method and refining, occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc, and iron

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 07

P-block elements
Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only)
Group 15 elements: Phosphorous-allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorous: Preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCI3, PCI5) and oxoacids (elementary idea only)
Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen: Preparation, properties, and uses; classification of oxides; ozone
Group 16 elements: Sulphur-allotropic forms; compounds of sulphur: Preparation, preparation, properties, and uses of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: Industrial process of manufacture, properties, and uses, oxoacids of sulphur (structures only)
Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens: Preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid
Group 17 elements: Interhalogen compounds oxoacids of halogens (structures only)
Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 08

D and f block elements
General introduction, electronic configuration, characteristics of transition metals
General trends in properties of the first row transition metals-metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation
Preparation and Properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4
Lanthanoids-electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity, and lanthanoid contraction, and its consequences
Actinoids: Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 09

Coordination compounds
Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism (structural and stereo) bonding, Werner’s theory VBT, CFT
Coordination compounds: Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, biological systems)

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 10

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, optical rotation
Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only)
Uses and environment effects of-dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 11

Alcohols, phenols, and ethers
Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol
Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols
Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical, and chemical properties uses

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 12

Aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids
Aldehydes and ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; and mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses
Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 13

Organic compounds containing nitrogen
Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical, and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary secondary and tertiary amines
Cyanides and isocyanides-will be mentioned at relevant places
Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions, and importance in synthetic organic chemistry

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 14

Carbohydrates-classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharide (glucose and fructose), D.L. configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen): Importance
Proteins-elementary idea of-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes
Hormones-elementary idea (excluding structure)
Vitamins-classification and function
Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 15

Classification-natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization
Some important polymers: Natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers

Chemistry-Class 12: Unit 16

Chemistry in everyday life
Chemicals in medicines-analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines
Chemicals in food-preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants
Cleansing agents-soaps and detergents, cleansing action

Biology-Class 11-

Biology-Class 11: Unit 01

Diversity in living world
What is living?; biodiversity; need for classification; three domains of life, taxonomy and systematics; concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; binomial nomenclature; tools for study of taxonomy-museums, zoos, herbaria, botanical gardens
Five kingdom classification; salient features and classification of monera; protista and fungi into major groups; lichens; viruses, and viroids
Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms, and angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category)
Angiosperms classification up to class, characteristic features and examples
Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples)

Biology-Class 11: Unit 02

Structural organization in animals and plants
Morphology and modifications; tissues; anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence-cymose and recemose, flower, fruit and seed (to be dealt along with the relevant practical of the practical syllabus)
Animal tissues; morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous, and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach)

Biology-Class 11: Unit 03

Cell structure and function
Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; plant cell and animal cell; cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; cell organelles-structure and function
Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, micro bodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultra structure and function); nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus
Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action
B cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis, and their significance

Biology-Class 11: Unit 04

Plant physiology
Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases, and nutrients; cell to cell transport-diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; plant-water relations-imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis
Transport in plants: Long distance transport of water-absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; transpiration-opening and closing of stomata
Transport in plants: Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-transport of food, phloem transport, mass flow hypothesis; diffusion of gases (brief mention)
Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro, and micronutrients and their role; deficiency symptoms; mineral toxicity; elementary idea of hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; nitrogen metabolism-nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation
Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of autotrophic nutrition; site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in photosynthesis (elementary idea); photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis
Photosynthesis: Cyclic and non cyclic and photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; factors affecting photosynthesis
Respiration: Exchange gases; cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); energy relations-number of ATP molecules generated; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient
Plant growth and development: Seed germination; phases of plant growth and plant growth rate; conditions of growth; differentiation, dedifferentiation, and redifferentiation; sequence of developmental process in a plant cell
Plant growth and development: Growth regulators-auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; seed dormancy; vernalisation; photoperiodism

Biology-Class 11: Unit 05

Human physiology
Digestion and absorption; alimentary canal and digestive glands; role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats
Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; egestion; nutritional and digestive disorders-PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea
Breathing and respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); respiratory system in humans; mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, respiratory volumes
Breathing and respiration: Disorders related to respiration-asthma, emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders
Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; composition of lymph and its function; human circulatory system-structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, double circulation
Body fluids and circulation: Regulation of cardiac activity; disorders of circulatory system-hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure
Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion-ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; human excretory system-structure and function; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function-renin-angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor
Excretory products and their elimination: ADH and diabetes insipidus; role of other organs in excretion; disorders; uraemia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney
Locomotion and movement: Types of movement-ciliary, fiagellar, muscular; skeletal muscle-contractile proteins and muscle contraction; skeletal system and its functions (to be dealt with the relevant practical of practical syllabus); joints
Locomotion and movement: Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-myasthenia gravis, tetany, muscular dystrophy, arthritis, osteoporosis, gout
Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; nervous system in humans central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse; reflex action; sense organs
Neural control and coordination: Elementary structure and function of eye and ear
Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine system, hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; mechanism of hormone action (elementary idea)
Chemical coordination and regulation: Role of hormones as messengers and regulators
Chemical coordination and regulation: Hypo and hyperactivity and related disorders (common disorders e.g. dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease)

Biology-Class 12-

Biology-Class 12: Unit 01

Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; modes of reproduction-asexual and sexual; asexual reproduction; modes-binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation
Reproduction in organisms: Vegetative propagation in plants
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; development of male and female gametophytes; pollination-types, agencies, and examples; outbreeding devices; pollen-pistil interaction; double fertilization
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Post fertilization events-development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formation of fruit; special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; significance of seed and fruit formation
Human reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; gametogenesis-spermatogenesis and oogenesis; menstrual cycle; fertilisation, embryo, development upto blastocyst formation, implantation
Human reproduction: Pregnancy and placenta formation (elementary idea); parturition (elementary idea); lactation (elementary idea)
Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); birth control-need and methods, contraception, and medical termination of pregnancy (MTP); amniocentesis
Reproductive health: Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies-IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (elementary idea for general awareness)

Biology-Class 12: Unit 02

Genetics and evolution
Heredity and variation: Mendelian inheritance; deviations from Mendelism-incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy; elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome theory of inheritance
Heredity and variation: Chromosomes and genes; sex determination-in humans, birds, honey bee; linkage and crossing over; sex linked inheritance-haemophilia, colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-thalassemia; chromosomal disorders in humans
Heredity and variation: Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes
Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; central dogma, transcription, genetic code, translation; gene expression and regulation-lac operon
Molecular basis of Inheritance: Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing
Evolution: Origin of life; biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from palaeontology, comparative anatomy, embryology, and molecular evidence; Darwin’s contribution, modern synthetic theory of evolution
Evolution: Mechanism of evolution-variation (mutation and recombination) and natural selection with examples, types of natural selection; gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; adaptive radiation; human evolution

Biology-Class 12: Unit 03

Biology and human welfare
Health and disease; pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (malaria, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm); basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; cancer, HIV, and AIDS; adolescence, drug, and alcohol abuse
Improvement in food production; plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, biofortification; apiculture and animal husbandry
Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation, and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizer

Biology-Class 12: Unit 04

Biotechnology and its applications
Principles and process of biotechnology: Genetic engineering (recombinant DNA technology)
Application of biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy, genetically modified organisms-BT crops; transgenic animals; biosafety issues-biopiracy and patents

Biology-Class 12: Unit 05

Ecology and environment
Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche, population and ecological adaptations; population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; population attributes-growth, birth rate, and death rate, age distribution
Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; energy flow; pyramids of number, biomass, energy; nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); ecological succession; ecological services-carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release
Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of biodiversity; patterns of biodiversity; importance of biodiversity; loss of biodiversity; biodiversity conservation; hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, red data book, biosphere reserves
Biodiversity and its conservation: National parks and sanctuaries
Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; water pollution and its control; agrochemicals and their effects; solid waste management; radioactive waste management; greenhouse effect and global warning; ozone depletion; deforestation
Environmental issues: Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues

नीट 2022 तैयारी टिप्स

एनईईटी की तैयारी पहला कदम है और यह परीक्षा में बैठने के इच्छुक अधिकांश छात्रों के लिए कक्षा 11 से शुरू होती है। कड़ी प्रतिस्पर्धा और कम सीटों के साथ, बहुत अच्छे नीट 2022 स्कोर के साथ क्वालीफाई करने के लिए सर्वोत्तम प्रयासों की आवश्यकता होती है। नीट परीक्षा को पास करने के लिए प्रभावी तैयारी युक्तियों में कुछ बुनियादी दिशानिर्देश और एक अच्छी रणनीति शामिल है। चूंकि यह पहले प्रयास में नीट 2022 को पास करने का लक्ष्य है, इसलिए कुछ सुनहरे नियमों का पालन करना होगा:

NEET परीक्षा 2022 की रणनीति भी निम्नलिखित कारकों पर निर्भर करेगी:

टिप 1: एनईईटी पाठ्यक्रम और विषयों पर ध्यान दें- प्रश्न पत्र में कक्षा 12 के स्तर पर भौतिकी, रसायन विज्ञान और जीव विज्ञान के प्रश्न होंगे। NEET 2022 को क्रैक करने के लिए, कवर किए जाने वाले विषयों को जानना महत्वपूर्ण है।

टिप 2: एनईईटी के लिए करो और मरो अध्यायों के साथ रणनीति बनाएं: पिछले साल के प्रश्न पत्र कुछ विषयों से पूछे गए प्रश्न दिखाते हैं जबकि कुछ विषयों को मुश्किल से छुआ जाता है। ये ज्यादातर ऑनलाइन उपलब्ध हैं और पिछले वर्षों के एनईईटी प्रश्न पत्रों को करीब से देखने पर भी।

टिप 3: एनईईटी परीक्षा पैटर्न की जांच करें – इससे उम्मीदवारों को यह जानने में मदद मिलेगी कि परीक्षा कैसी होगी और एक सटीक एनईईटी परीक्षा रणनीति की योजना बनाने में मदद मिलेगी।

टिप 4: एनईईटी 2022 के लिए सर्वश्रेष्ठ पुस्तकों का पता लगाएं: छात्र पूछते हैं कि क्या एनसीईआरटी की किताबें एनईईटी परीक्षा को क्रैक करने के लिए पर्याप्त हैं? चूंकि वे नींव को मजबूत करने में मदद करते हैं, एनईईटी 2022 की तैयारी के लिए एनसीईआरटी की किताबें महत्वपूर्ण हैं। हालांकि संदर्भ के लिए अन्य पुस्तकों की भी आवश्यकता है।
इसके अलावा NEET की तैयारी के लिए कुछ ऑनलाइन संसाधन हैं:

टिप 5: एनईईटी परीक्षा समय सारिणी निर्धारित करें- अध्ययन करने के लिए घंटों की संख्या, क्या अध्ययन करना है, कैसे रणनीति बनाना है यदि किसी का लक्ष्य एनईईटी 2022 में 600 से अधिक अंक प्राप्त करना है।

टिप 6: एक अच्छी नीट रिवीजन स्ट्रेटेजी में ट्यून करें: सिर्फ पढ़ाई से मदद नहीं मिलेगी। नीट परीक्षा को पास करने के लिए हर चैप्टर को पूरी तरह से रिवीजन करना एक मानक मंत्र है।

टिप 7: समय पर परीक्षण और मूल्यांकन: जबकि गहन तैयारी आवश्यक है, यह तभी फलदायी होगा जब इसे उचित मूल्यांकन द्वारा समर्थित किया जाए। एनईईटी परीक्षा 2022 की तैयारी में अंतराल और खामियों को दूर करने के लिए इसके लिए समय पर परीक्षण और उचित संशोधन की आवश्यकता है। मूल्यांकन का एक तरीका एनईईटी मॉक टेस्ट और एनईईटी पिछले वर्ष के प्रश्न पत्रों का उपयोग है।

टिप 8. एनईईटी टॉपर्स से जानें: पिछले साल के एनईईटी टॉपर्स परीक्षा की तैयारी के दबाव और सफल होने के तरीके को जानने के अच्छे स्रोत हैं। नीट परीक्षा की रणनीति जानने और उसमें बदलाव करने के लिए उनके सफलता के मंत्र पढ़ें।

टिप 9: प्रेरणा और दृढ़ संकल्प: नीट 2022 में सफलता की राह आसान नहीं होगी, लेकिन सफलता की मिठास का स्वाद चखने के लिए दृढ़ प्रेरणा के साथ-साथ दृढ़ता और दृढ़ संकल्प की जरूरत है।

टिप 10: एनईईटी परीक्षा 2022 में बचने के लिए सामान्य गलतियाँ: खैर, ये छात्रों द्वारा की जाने वाली सामान्य गलतियाँ हैं और इनसे बचना चाहिए। इन्हें देखें और जानें कि इनसे कैसे बचा जाए।

एक बुद्धिमान NEET 2022 अध्ययन रणनीति इन सभी बिंदुओं को शामिल करती है। इसके अलावा, परीक्षा की तारीख नजदीक आते ही तैयारी की रणनीति बदल जाती है। इसलिए नीचे दिए गए समय के साथ नीट की तैयारी में बदलाव करना भी समझदारी है
महीनों में नीट परीक्षा की तैयारी की रणनीति

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